If you are planning to visit the Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh in India, you many find the following information handy:
* Location: In the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
* History: Kanha is one of the oldest protected forests in the country. It was declared a reserve in 1879, a wildlife sanctuary in 1933 and a national park in 1955. The park was notified as a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in 1973.
* Area: The core zone under protection covers 940 sq. kms (363 sq. miles) while the buffer zone covers 1,009 sq. kms (390 sq. miles).
* Wildlife: The park is home to over 43 species of mammals, 300 species of birds, 26 species of reptiles and innumerable species of insects.
* Terrain: Kanha lies nestled in the Maikal range of the Satpura mountains. The undulating terrain is a mix of hills, thick forests and meadows. Close to 27 villages and their agricultural fields were rehabilitated from the core zone to ease pressure on natural life in the forests; grasslands can be seen where these once stood. Elevation above mean sea level ranges from 450 metres (1,476 ft) to 900 metres (2,952 ft), while the rivers Banjar and Halon meander through the forests.
* Climate: The weather is quite cool from October to February; December and January can be very cold especially at night with temperatures falling to near-freezing point on certain nights. It warms up March onwards, with maximum temperatures crossing 40 degrees Celsius (104 F) in the day from April to June. The park is closed during the monsoons from July to September.
* Vegetation: Kanha is rich with an amazing diversity of plants including over 600 flowering species. Trees include the Sal that rise upto 100 feet from the ground, Flame of the Forest (Palash) whose orange-red flowers light up the forest and the Jamun (Java Plum) with its delicious fruit loved by animals, birds and man alike.
Want to access a pictorial guide to Kanha National Park? Get one at Kunzum Guides.